How can we monitor progress in reducing health inequalities between men and women in Chile? This document proposes a set of indicators for this purpose. At a Pan American Health Organization/World Health Organization (PAHO/WHO) workshop on gender, equity and health reform in Chile, priority issues for tackling gender inequalities in health were identified by civil society members. These included: sexual and reproductive health; gender-based violence; mental health; health and work; and health service systems. This paper is structured around these issues and identifies for each issue the prohibiting factors that, from a gender perspective, require improvement and further monitoring. Progress indicators are used to monitor the changes needed to reach certain goals; whilst impact indicators are used to monitor changes in outcomes. For gender-based violence, for example, the rate of complaints of domestic violence was one of the indicators used to monitor progress - with the goal being for rates of complaints to increase until they reach the real estimated levels of violence as determined by surveys. By contrast, impact was measured by changes in the percentage of women abused by a spouse or partner. Indicators used by organisations such as the Latin American and Caribbean Women's Health Network (LACWHN), the Chilean Women's Initiative Group (Grupo Iniciativa Mujeres, GIM) and international agencies such as ECLAC and PAHO are also included. Finally, there is a synthesis of all the indicators presented as an indicator matrix.